This is an article about the facts on Schizophrenia, the causes of it, how its diagnosed, and what the symptoms are.
Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that affects many, many people. It occurs everywhere in the world, in every culture and at every income level.
Schizophrenia can cause many symptoms that can interfere with a person's life, making it hard to know what's real and what's not. Other symptoms can cause problems with interacting with other people, concentration, and experiencing happiness.
But it is important to know that there is hope for recovery and that people with Schizophrenia can still lead a normal life.
Schizophrenia is diagnosed based on a interview and a mental health assesment conducted by a trained doctor, usually a doctor or a Mental Health Practitioner. There are no medical tests such as blood tests that can be used to diagnosis Schizophrenia.
The symptoms of Schizophrenia are:
1. Hallucinations. That means that a person can see or hear something that's not real. Hearing voices is very common in Schizophrenia.
2. Paronoia. That means that a person thinks that people are talking about them, are out to get them, want to harm them in some way when they actually don't.
3. Delusions. That means that a person has a false belief, or believes something thats not real.
4. Problems with concentration, memory, reasoning
5. Lack of energy and motivation.
6. Isolating themselves from others
7. Disorganized Speech
8. Difficulty thinking clearly
Schizophrenia is not anybody's fault. Scientists think that it is caused by some chenical imbalance in the brain, though they don't know what causes the imbalance. Stress is also believed to play a role in the onset of Schizophrenia. Alot of questions about the disorder still remain unanswered.
Most people develop Schizophrenia as young adults, usually between ages 15 to 30. Very rarely can people develop Schizophrenia in early childhood.
Schizophrenia affects everyone differently. Some people have it mildly and only have a few symptoms. Others have it very severely and often have to be hospitalized because of it. Others experience symptoms almost constantly with no relief, but do not have it severe enough to be hospitalized.
With effective treatment most people with Schizophrenia can lead very productive, meaningful lives.
The medications they use to treat Schizophrenia are called Antipsychotics. They reduce the symptoms of Schizophrenia, including delusions, paranoia, hallucinations, and disorganized speech. They do have side effects including, but not limited to weight gain, fatigue, dizziness, dry mouth, high blood sugar, ect. However they are coming out with new meds all the time that have fewer and fewer side effects.
Stigma is also a problem for a person diagnosed with Schizophrenia or any Mental Illness. Stigma means the negative attitudes and perceptions that people have towards people with Mental Illness. It has also caused people to be discriminated against when it comes to finding employment or housing. It is important to know that there are two major laws that protect against people with psychiatric disabilities. The Americans with Disabilities Act makes it illegal to discriminate in the areas of employment, transportation, communication, or recreation. The Fair Housing Act prohibits housing discrimination.